Since ancient times, the people of Nepal have depended upon plants and plant products as a mainstay of everyday life. Today, almost 90% of Nepalese rely on subsistence agriculture, with plants performing a vital role as arable crops, fodder, fruit and vegetables, fuel, building materials and medicines. Nepal is a multiethnic and multilingual country, with more than 60 different ethnic groups speaking about 75 languages. As one would expect, associated with this is a great diversity in plant lore. However, with increasing urbanization and uptake of modern medicines and agricultural practices, much of this indigenous knowledge is now dwindling and largely only retained by village elders. There is real danger that this will be lost to future generations, and ethno botanists are busy documenting the wealth of indigenous knowledge for posterity. So far over 1500 plants (1434 flowering plants, 65 ferns and their allies, and 8 conifers and their allies) have been recorded as having at least one use, including more than 650 used as food plants and over 1000 species of wild plants used for medicine.
Botanically Nepal forms a transition zone between the plants of the western Himalaya (including western Asiatic and Mediterranean elements) and the eastern Himalaya (with many Sino-Japanese elements). Adding variety to the mix are Tibetan Plateau (Central Asiatic) plants from the north and humid tropical species of the lowland plains (Terai) from the Gangetic plains of India and further a field into Indochina. Central to this is the Himalayan range itself, a unique series of mountain chains formed by geologically recent mountain building events. These young massifs contribute to the diversity of plants, and have provided barriers to and corridors through which plants migrated during the ice ages.
We are operating Botanical Tour, Treks and Expedition many places and following National Park and Conservation Area in Nepal. Shey-Phoksundo Botanical Trek, Makalu- Barun Botanical Expedition, Himalayan Botanical Paradise Mountain of Botanical Garden, Botanical Garden, Langtang National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Rara National park, Shey-Phoksndo National Park, Khaptad National Park, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Makalu Barun Natioanl Park and Conservation Area, Annapurna Conservation Area. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Koshi Tappu Wild Reserve, Shivapuri Water Shed Conservation Area, Chitwan National park, Royal Bardia national park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Sukla Phant Wildlife Reserve, Manaslu Conservation Park, Manaslu Conservation Area, Annapurna Conservation Area, Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Langtang National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Rara National Park, Shey Phoksando National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, Khaptad National Park, Koshi Tapppu Wild Reserve, Royal Chitwan National Park, Royal Bardia National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Sukla Phant Wildlife Reserve, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve and Shivapuri Water Shed Consrevation.
Yarsagumba with its Latin name cordyceps sinesis literally means summer plant and winter insect in Tibetan. Before the rainy season begins, spores of the cordyceps mushroom settle on the heads of caterpillars’ that lives underground. The fungus gets so much
Shey Phoksundo National Park is situated in the trans-Himalayan region of Northwestern Nepal, Dolpa which is also commomly known as Dolpo. This is biggest isolated district of Daulagiri and bordering Tibet. The western part lies She-Phoksundo National Park
Makalu - Barun park lies in the Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha districts of Eastern Nepal. Makalu - Barun is adjacent with Sagarmatha National Park in the West and to the North, with Qomolongma Nature Reserve in Tibet.
Langtang National Park is the first National Park designated in 1970 AD. It lies adjacent to the Tibet border and is eight-hour drive from Kathmandu to the park headquarters Dhunche. The national park is allowing the local people to live their lives within the park